Please note: This is for information only.
Refer to local guidelines for treatment recommendations.
- Includes the Coliform bacilli eg E. Coli, Klebsiella sp, Enterobacter sp, Salmonella sp and the Pseudomonas, Acinetobacters, Neisseria sp. and Bacteroides.
Main clinical infections:
- Abdominal and urinary tract infections.
- Coliforms and Pseudomonas can be responsible for hospital-acquired pneumonia particularly ventilator-associated.
Usually sensitive to:
- Quinolones (ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin) (except Bacteroides)
- Aminoglycosides (gentamicin, tobramycin, amikacin) (except Neisseria sp).
- The 2nd and 3rd generation cephalosporins (Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter only sensitive to the 3rd generation cephalosporin ceftazidime.)
- Piptazobactam (tazocin)
- Carbapenems (imipenem, meropenem)
Usually resistant to:
- Over 50% of coliform bacilli are now resistant to amoxicillin, therefore only indicated for treatment if known sensitive strain.
- Pseudomonas and Acinetobacters are resistant to amoxicillin, trimethoprim and co-amoxiclav.