Chlamydia trachomatis PCR



Chlamydia samples on the PCR preparator

  • The test is not validated for rectal, pharyngeal or eye samples and the possibility of false positive and negative results may be higher with these sample types
  • Visibly blood stained samples and heavily purulent samples are not desirable as these may lead to false negative results
  • Urine samples from female patients are relatively insensitive and are not recommended
  • See also:

Sample requirements



30 mL sterile universal container

(minimum of 5 mL urine is required)





transfer to Chlamydia urine pack





  • Genital-tract swab (cervical, male urethral or self-taken vaginal)
  • Pharyngeal swab
  • Rectal swab
  • Eye swab

Chlamydia swab pack

30mL sterile universal container

Chlamydia urine pack

Chlamydia swab pack

Required information

  • Relevant clinical details


Store urine at fridge temperature

Store transferred urines in Chlamydia transport medium at room temperature

Store swabs in Chlamydia transport medium at room temperature

Transport as soon as possible at ambient temperature

Turnaround time

Up to 4 days

All positive eye, pharyngeal, female urine and female rectal samples are confirmed locally which may slightly increase the turnaround time

Page last reviewed: 28/08/2014