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Facts and figures

Did you know...?

  • There are approximately 110,000 new strokes and 30,000 recurrent strokes in England each year.


  •  There are more than 900,000 people who have had a stroke living in England. 


  • Every five minutes someone in England will have a stroke, and around one in four people can expect to have a stroke if they live to 85 years of age.


  • The incidence (number of new cases) rate for stroke is around 2.5 per 1000 people per year


  • The incidence of TIA per year is 0.51 per 1000 people 


  • Stroke is the third largest cause of death in the UK (after coronary heart disease and all cancers combined), responsible for 11 per cent of deaths in England and Wales 


  • The risk of dying from a stroke is about 12% at 7 days, 19% at one month and 30% at one year for first ever stroke. 


  • Around half of stroke survivors are left dependent on others for everyday activities.


  • Awareness of stroke and how to recognise symptoms is low.


  • Historically, stroke has been seen as a disease of old age, even though a quarter of all strokes occur in patients under 65 years of age.


  • Stroke costs the NHS and the economy about£7 billion a year – £2.8 billion in direct costs to the NHS, £2.4 billion in informal care costs (for example, the costs of home nursing borne by patients’ families) and £1.8 billion in income lost to mortality and morbidity, and benefit payments.


  • Stroke will become increasingly expensive as the number of people living with stroke increases. 


  • People of African or Caribbean ethnicity are at higher risk of stroke, especially of having strokes while young. Incidence rates of first ever stroke adjusted for age and sex have been found to be twice as high in black people compared with white people.


  • Patients cared for in a defined stroke unit with organised stroke services are more likely to survive, have fewer complications, return home and regain independence than patients that stay on a general medical ward.


  • There is high variability in the average lengths of stay across hospitals. The average length of stay is about 15 days in Gloucestershire at present.